naked Castle History

In 1910, during his 45-years in China, Scottish missionary doctor Duncan Main built a British style castle villa (now The Castle of naked Castle). He spurred medical advancements in Hangzhou and spread a healthy lifestyle concept, the ripples of which can still be felt today. The second owner was a national patriot and former chairman of Zhejiang, Zhang Jingjiang, who was dubbed a “Revolutionary Saint” by Sun Yatsen. The two men never met, but each inspired people during turbulent times, contributing to a legendary Moganshan tale.

Dr. Main’s Love for Moganshan

Dr. Duncan Main, was born on June 6, 1856 in Edinburgh, Scotland. After he graduated from medical school in 1881, then the British Christian Mission Society arranged to send him to China. Dr. Main and his new wife, Florence Nightingale Smith, then headed to Hangzhou.

In 1910, at the age of 55, Dr. Main purchased 75 mu of land on Paotai Mountain on which he built a British style castle villa (the predecessor to The Castle at naked Castle). The plot included a tennis court, swimming pool and long walking trails. Due to the lack of medical resources on Moganshan at that time, the villa became a remote hospital to treat locals. In 1926, the 71-year-old Dr. Main retired to Scotland. In total, he founded more than 30 hospitals, medical schools and shelters. The Hospital of Universal Benevolence, where he was originally posted, had 3 functional operating rooms and could treat 4,000 patients at a time. It was the most advanced, in terms of technology and business administration, western medicine hospital in China. On August 30, 1934, Dr. Main passed away. His tomb in Scotland was engraved with the Chinese words “仁爱而劳”, meaning “Labour of Love”. Even in death, Dr. Main continued to inspire future generations.

In addition to his contributions to China, people loved and respected Dr. Main for his quick wit and lively personality. He thrived in his work, always considering the health – mind and body – of others. What a coincidence that decades later, naked is also spreading a healthy lifestyle to the people of China!

A Government Official, Businessman and Patriot

Zhang Jingjiang was born into a silk merchant’s family on September 19, 1877. He backed historical figures Dr. Sun Yatsen, Chiang Kaishek and Cai Yuanpei, and was known as one of four patriarchs of the Kuomintang. Dr. Sun Yatsen called him “Qi Ren” or “Geming Sheng Ren” meaning “The Man” and “Revolutionary Saint”; Chiang Kai-shek called him a “Revolutionary Mentor”.

Between 1928 and 1930, when Zhang Jingjiang was Chairman of Zhejiang, he created the Moganshan Bureau with a single goal of taking back the land and villas from the foreigners who occupied Moganshan at that time, including Dr. Main’s famous “castle” villa, which was then used as the office for the Moganshan Bureau. In 1932, when Zhang Jingjiang was part of the board for Jiangnan Auto Company, the company bought The Castle outright from Dr. Main’s son. Its name was officially changed to “Green Shade Inn”, and it was used to entertain power players in politics and business. In 1937, Zhang Jingjiang left China, and The Castle began to deteriorate.

naked Discovers The Castle Ruins and the Legend Continues

In 1960, this legendary villa collapsed, and its storied past fell into slumber amid the surrounding forest. However, its splendor could not remain concealed for long. In 2007, naked discovered the site of ruins, rediscovering the history, rebuilding and restoring The Castle to its former glory.

naked Story

naked Home and naked Stables are known for luring thousands of Chinese to escape from their glamorous yet high-strung city life to return back to nature. After ten years, naked enjoys the reputation of being the most sought after resort in the region.

Had he not met his future wife, architect Delphine Yip, in 2007, who later designed naked Stables, entrepreneur Grant Horsfield would have returned to South Africa. Despite the great opportunities in Shanghai, stress is everywhere, and people willingly trade life itself for success. Grant was constantly homesick for the beautiful nature and active, healthy lifestyle.

He stumbled upon a little village in Moganshan after getting lost on his bike in a bamboo forest. It was love at first sight, and he built a little resort there and named it “naked Home”. It was a place to rediscover the pure, playful, and passionate side of your heart. Finally they could return to nature to nurture friendship, love and the simple pleasures of life. In 2011, Grant and Delphine built the much larger naked Stables in a valley in Moganshan. In 2016, naked Castle, the highly anticipated new resort along with its century of history, opens its doors.

Green Initiatives

Through various advanced green technologies and integrated sustainable design, naked Castle minimises impact to the environment and maximises the use of natural resources. Below are some of the technology and techniques that we have employed to keep Moganshan and the world Green!

Castle Design

The Castle design is rooted in that of a classic European castle, combined with artistic elements from the golden time of Dr. Main’s original “Villa #1”. From the cellar to the roof, the design of each floor evolves from rustic to modern. The Castle design shows the collision and integration of a variety of art and culture from that time, which is a tribute to an age of adventure and inspiration.

Aesthetics of The Castle

From the outside, The Castle is raw, staggering and exclusive - inspired by the aesthetics of a European castle. The Bell Tower is one of the Castle's highlights, designed according to the historic plans and photos of the original villa. naked is dedicated to having an authentic connection to the Castle's history and have merged traditional elements of the Castle with some modern elements.

Art Deco

Art Deco is a design style using bold lines and simple shapes, which were embraced in the glamorous international cities of New York and Shanghai. This design style emerged in the early 20th century during an era of wild innovation, and exuberant luxury. The Castle references this golden era by reintroducing the style into parts of the interiors to represent the vibrant era we currently live in.

Respect for History

A large rock, engraved with the word “Glenturret”, was discovered during the early excavation of the construction site; it is coincidentally the name of the oldest existing hand-crafted whiskey brand. The origin of the connection between the brand and the original owner remains a mystery. The rock was preserved and placed by the entrance of the Glenturret Bar as a symbol of respect for the history and origins of The Castle.