naked Castle History

In 1910, during his 45 years in China, Scottish missionary Dr Duncan Main built a European style castle villa on a Moganshan mountaintop, now naked Castle. With a legacy that’s still alive today, he spurred medical advancements in Hangzhou and spread healthy living concepts among the local population. The castle’s second owner was national patriot and former Chairman of Zhejiang, Zhang Jingjiang, dubbed a ‘revolutionary saint’ by Sun Yatsen. The two men never met but each inspired during turbulent times and both have become part of the fabric of Moganshan itself.

Dr. Main’s Love for Moganshan

Dr. Duncan Main was born on June 6, 1856 in Edinburgh, Scotland. After he graduated from medical school in 1881 the then British Christian Mission Society arranged to send him to China. Dr. Main and his new wife, Florence Nightingale Smith, soon headed to Hangzhou.

In 1910, at the age of 55, Dr. Main purchased 75mu of land on Paotai Mountain on which he built a European style castle villa (the predecessor to the Castle at naked Castle). The plot included a tennis court, swimming pool and long walking trails. Due to the lack of medical resources in Moganshan at that time, the villa became a remote hospital to treat locals. In 1926, 71-year-old Dr. Main retired to Scotland. During his lifetime, he founded more than 30 hospitals, medical schools and shelters. The Hospital of Universal Benevolence, where he was originally posted, grew to 3 functional operating rooms and could treat 4,000 patients at a time. It was the most advanced, in terms of technology and business administration, western medicine hospital in China. On August 30, 1934, Dr. Main passed away. His grave in Scotland was engraved with the Chinese words “仁爱而劳”, meaning “Labour of Love”. Even in death, Dr. Main continued to inspire future generations in Moganshan and his legacy lives on today.

In addition to his contributions to China, people loved and respected Dr. Main for his quick wit and lively personality. He thrived in his work, always considering the health of others. What a coincidence that decades later, naked is also spreading a healthy lifestyle to the people of China!

A Government Official, Businessman and Patriot

Zhang Jingjiang was born into a silk merchant’s family on September 19, 1877. He backed historical figures Dr. Sun Yatsen, Chiang Kaishek and Cai Yuanpei, and was known as one of the four patriarchs of the Kuomintang. Dr. Sun Yatsen called him “Qi Ren” or “Geming Sheng Ren” meaning “The Man” and “Revolutionary Saint”; Chiang Kai-Shek called him a “Revolutionary Mentor”.

Between 1928 and 1930, when Zhang Jingjiang was Chairman of Zhejiang, he created the Moganshan Bureau with the singular goal of taking back the land and villas from the foreigners who occupied Moganshan at that time, including Dr. Main’s famous “castle” villa, which was then used as the office for the Moganshan Bureau. In 1932, when Zhang Jingjiang was part of the board for Jiangnan Auto Company, the company bought The Castle outright from Dr. Main’s son. Its name was officially changed to “Green Shade Inn”, and it was used to entertain power players in politics and business. In 1937, Zhang Jingjiang left China and The Castle began to deteriorate.

naked Discovers The Castle Ruins and the Legend Continues

In 1960, this legendary villa collapsed and its storied past fell into slumber in the forest. However, its splendor could not remain concealed for long. In 2007, naked discovered the site of ruins, rediscovering history, rebuilding and restoring The Castle to its former glory.

naked Story

naked founder Grant Horsfield stumbled upon Moganshan after getting lost on his bike in a bamboo forest. It was love at first sight and ‘naked Home’ soon opened – born as a place to rediscover the pure, playful and passionate side of your heart, to immerse in nature and nurture friendship, love and the simple pleasures of life.

Four years later, Grant and Delphine built the much larger naked Stables in a nearby valley, giving more people the chance to retreat, naked. In 2017, naked Castle opened atop a Moganshan mountaintop, and with it the next chapter in the naked story began.

Green Initiatives

Through various advanced green technologies and integrated sustainable design, naked Castle minimises impact to the environment and maximises use of natural resources. Below are some of the technologies and techniques that we have employed to help keep both Moganshan and the world green!

Castle Design

The castle’s design is rooted in that of a classic European castle, combined with artistic elements from the golden era when Dr. Main’s original Villa #1 was built. From the cellar to the roof, the design of each floor evolves from rustic to modern. This design exhibits the collision and integration of a variety of arts and culture from that time, a tribute to an age of adventure and inspiration.


From the outside, you’ll look up at a castle that’s raw, staggering and exclusive – inspired by the aesthetics of its traditional European counterpart. Make sure to look for one of the highlights of the Castle, the Bell Tower, designed according to the historic plans and old photos of the original villa. Thoughtfully adding some modern elements whilst retaining the traditional character of a castle, naked is dedicated to maintaining an authentic connection to the site’s history.

Art Deco

Art Deco is a design style using bold lines and simple shapes, embraced in the glamorous international cities of New York and Shanghai. This design style emerged in the early 20th century during an era of wild innovation and exuberant luxury. Enter the castle and you’ll notice this style on show, referencing this golden era whilst at the same time a nod to the vibrant era that we live in today.

Respect for History

A large rock, engraved with the word “Glenturret”, was discovered during the early excavation of the construction site. It is coincidentally the name of the oldest existing handcrafted whisky brand. The origin of the connection between the brand and Dr Duncan Main remains a mystery. The rock was preserved and placed by the entrance of the Glenturret Whisky and Cigar Bar as a symbol of respect for the history and origins of the site.

Booking Hotline

400 9200 518